Date - June 2018
Client - IED Madrid ; iKEA
mRNA_ is a set of 3D printed personalized products. The design is a byproduct of a process similar in biology about translation and transcription. The form is determined by the sequencing and translating of DNA information of a person.
What really caught my attention is that the immense amount of information flows each second in a living organism. Our 46 chromosomes are made from 3 Billion DNA molecules. These are constructed out of four building blocks, os base; adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T). The DNA molecules are arranged in chains of bases (such as ACAATGC), forming long strings. Each base pair stores the equivalent of 2 binary digits of information.
CODON 3_BASE PAIR.
The reading sequence for the DNA neuclotide is started once a unique 5_CODON is match with requiered criteria for the sequencing proces. After the match is done, the sequence now moves 3_CODON for each protien translation.
A CODON of 3 DNA bases can be arranged in sixty-four different types. Hence giving rise to 64 different values.
ACA ACT GAA TAC TGC……………………………
We draw a circle with an offset and divide it n times (*n = number of 3_codon translated). A line is drawn between the inner and the outer dividing points of the two circles. These lines are the domains where we are going to draw points on the curve based upon what the DNA information says.
We can give arbitrary value to each protein synthesised by 3_codon, for example, AAA = 0 and GGG = 64; Or CGT is the mid-point of a curve.
Once we have all the points, we are going to interpolate between the points to get the contour. In this simple set of instruction, the complexity of the geometry increases as more codon is read with each translation.
GENOTYPE TO PHENOTYPE.
The translation process of DNA to "protein" replicated in the visual programming canvas. The DNA strand is read, the sequence is chopped in 3-mers, each corresponding to a different protein, which during interaction with other proteins give rise to the final form to the geometry.
The n steps of loop iteration. The longer strands of DNA is read, the probability of complexity of the geometry increases.
Fabrication and Materials
The plates were 3D printed with the Delta Wasps 3D printers. The extruder diameter was 2 mm. The material used to print the cup is Grey Paper Fibre PCLI Paper-Clay while the plates are printed with white clay.
The plates were baked at 800ºC for a day. Later they were painted with white enamel and finally baked at 1000ºC for 24 hours.
Material – The principal material used in this experiment is white clay, and paper clay. The selection of material is mainly so because of the ease of working and manipulating it with 3D printing. It has many sustainable advantages when compared to the polymer counterparts.
ANother product made by the same technique. In this design, the DNA determines the ondulation on the mid part instead of the contour, as it will be easier to drink with it.
By having the genetic information of an individual, products can be personalized in the most intimate manner. The possible uses can be showing personal information such as Lactose intolerance found in the LCT gene on Chromosome 2.